Life Protection and Management of Coastal Habitats in Latvia Costal Habitats

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Natural Habitat Types of Community Interest in Latvia

Didzis Tjarve, Noformēja Kārlis Kalviškis)
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Codes and names based on Directive 92/43/EEC

CodeHabitat
COASTAL AND HALOPHYTIC HABITATS
1110Sandbanks which are slightly covered by sea water all the time
1130Estuaries
1140Mudflats and sandflats not covered by seawater at low tide
1150*Coastal lagoons
1160Large shallow inlets and bays
1170Reefs
1210Annual vegetation of drift lines
1220Perennial vegetation of stony banks
1230Vegetated sea cliffs of the Atlantic and Baltic Coasts
1310Salicornia and other annuals colonizing mud and sand
1630*Boreal Baltic coastal meadows
1640Boreal Baltic coastal meadows
COASTAL SAND DUNES AND INLAND DUNES
2110Embryonic shifting dunes
2120Shifting dunes along the shoreline with Ammophila arenaria (‘white dunes’)
2130*Fixed coastal dunes with herbaceous vegetation (‘grey dunes’)
2140*Decalcified fixed dunes with Empetrum nigrum
2170Dunes with Salix repens ssp. argentea (Salicion arenariae)
2180Wooded dunes of the Atlantic,Continental and Boreal region
2190Humid dune slacks
2320Dry sand heaths with Calluna and Empetrum nigrum
2330Inland dunes with open Corynephorus and Agrostis grasslands
CodeHabitat
FRESHWATER HABITATS
3130Oligotrophic to mesotrophic standing waters with vegetation of the Littorelletea uniflorae and/or of the Isoëto-Nanojuncetea
3140Hard oligo-mesotrophic waters with benthic vegetation of Chara spp.
3150Natural eutrophic lakes with Magnopotamion or Hydrocharition –type vegetation
3160Natural dystrophic lakes and ponds
3180*Turloughs
3190Lakes of gypsum karst
3260Water courses of plain to montane levels withthe Ranunculion fluitantis and Callitricho-Batrachion vegetation
TEMPERATE HEATH AND SCRUB
4010Northern Atlantic wet heaths with Erica tetralix
4030European dry heaths
5130Juniperus communis formations on heaths or calcareous grasslands
NATURAL AND SEMI-NATURAL GRASSLAND FORMATIONS
6110*Rupicolous calcareous or basophilic grasslands of the Alysso-Sedion albi
6120*Xeric sand calcareous grasslands
6210Semi-natural dry grasslands and scrubland facies on calcareous substrates (Festuco-Brometalia)(*important orchid sites)
6230*Species-rich Nardus grasslands,on silicious substrates in mountain areas (and submountain areas in Continental Europe)
6270*Fennoscandian lowland species-richdry to mesic grasslands
6410Molinia meadows on calcareous,peaty or clayey-silt-laden soils (Molinion caeruleae)
6430Hydrophilous tall herb fringe communities of plains and of the montane to alpine levels
6450Northern boreal alluvial meadows
6510Lowland hay meadows (Alopecurus pratensis, Sanguisorba officinalis)
6530*Fennoscandian wooded meadows
CodeHabitats
RAISED BOGS AND MIRES AND FENS
7110*Active raised bogs
7120Degraded raised bogs still capable of natural regeneration
7140Transition mires and quaking bogs
7150Depressions on peat substrates of the Rhynchosporion
7160Fennoscandian mineral-richsprings and springfens
7210*Calcareous fens with Cladium mariscus and species of the Caricion davallianae
7220*Petrifying springs withtufa formation (Cratoneurion)
7230Alkaline fens
ROCKY HABITATS AND CAVES
8210Calcareous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation
8220Siliceous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation
8310Caves not open to the public
FORESTS
9010*Western Taïga
9020*Fennoscandian hemiboreal natural old broad-leaved deciduous forests (Quercus, Tilia, Acer, Fraxinus or Ulmus) richin epiphytes
9060Coniferous forests on,or connected to,glaciofluvial eskers
9080*Fennoscandian deciduous swamp woods
9160Sub-Atlantic and medio-European oak or oak-hornbeam forests of the Carpinion betuli
9180*Tilio-Acerion forests of slopes, screes and ravines
91D0*Bog woodland
91E0*Alluvial forests with Alnus glutinosa and Fraxinus excelsior (Alno-Padion, Alnion incanae, Salicion albae)
91F0Riparian mixed forests of Quercus robur, Ulmus laevis and Ulmus minor, Fraxinus excelsior or Fraxinus angustifolia, along the great rivers (Ulmenion minoris)
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